"Hyderabad/Andhra Pradesh News"
Jains celebrate ‘Paryushan Mahaparva’ with religious fervour
Hyderabad,India,September' 2008: The Jains of the twin cities are
celebrating the ‘Paryushan Mahaparva’ - the most important festival of the
Jains at all the Jain temples in city. ‘Paryushan Mahaparva’ is being
celebrated by Jains for eight days i.e. from 28 August to 3rd September in
city. The festival is called the king of festivals. It is for the Jains
what Christmas is for Christians; Ramzam is for Muslims and Dussera for
the Hindus. The Sri Jain Shwetamber Parashwanath Temple, Charkaman, near
Charminar has been specially decorated with flowers, one thousand and
eight diyas and colourful lighting. To mark the occasion and celebrate the
same, Jain monks give religious sermons on Jainism. Thousands of Jain
devotees are participating in the celebrations.
Acharya Sri Rajyesh Surishwarji Maharaj, a Jain monk from Gujarat has
specially come to be a part of the celebrations here. He has travelled the
whole distance from Gujarat by foot along with other monks. Giving details
about the importance of today, he said that the fifth day of Paryusana is
very special for the Jains and is in fact celebrated with greater fervour
that the birthday of Mahavira. For today the discourse is centered on the
fourteen dreams that Trisala, the mother of Mahavira had when Mahavira
entered her womb. The astrologers invited by the King to interpret the
dreams of Trisala declared that she would give birth to the King of Kings.
If her son were to live a worldly life he would be the Emperor (King of
Kings) and if he were to renounce the world he would be the Emperor of
Dharma. It is our good fortune that Mahavira did not choose to be worldly
king. Instead he renounced the world in his pursuit of truth. All the
fourteen dreams are described in detail, with their hidden meaning in the
discourse today, he informed. People in great numbers throng to the
upashrayas to listen to this discourse and actively participate in the
The word ‘Paryusana’ has been coined on its meaning. The scholars have
named it as per its purpose. ‘Pari’ means from all sides, ‘usanam’ means
to be. To be within the soul from all sides is what Paryusana literally
means. Man is never content within. He always looks and searches outside.
However, seeking refuge outside is like living in rented houses, wherein
we not only need to pay to stay in but also forced to vacate someday.
Paryusana beckons us to return home, ‘to dwell in the soul’, which happens
to be our only refuge, informed Acharya Sri Rajyesh Surishwarji Maharaj.
The Paryusana (Paryushan Mahaparva) starts on the 43rd day of the
beginning of the Chaturmas. It lasts for eight days ending with samvatsari
on the last day. During these days, Jains do fasting and have just on
boiled water and devote most of their time in temples. They offer poojas
and get involved in spiritual and devotional activities. Even the water
they consume is only during the day time. The celebrations conclude with
the celebration of the last day as Universal Forgiveness Day.
The ‘Paryushan Mahaparva’ ends on 3rd September; it is the big day eagerly
awaited by the Jains, when the varshik pratikaman for atonement of sins of
the whole year is done. Almost all Jains fast on this last day of the
Paryusana. The one word which is on the lips of every Jain is ‘Micchami
dukaddam’, which means ‘kindly forgive me’. On this day one asks for
forgiveness from family, relatives and friends. It is celebrated as the
Universal Forgiveness Day, informed Mr. Pravin Jain, Secretary - Jain
Youth Club. Ahimsa, Live and Let Live and Vegetarianism are the basic
principles of Jainism, he added.
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